Agritourism: Alternative for sustainable rural development



Palabras clave:

Agritourism, rural development, business, review, sustainable.


Agritourism is regarded as one type of rural tourism and can be defined a sustainable activity that is developed in rural areas where has necessary features to offer such as touristic services which allow tourists to have a lively experience on culture, rural traditions. Be involved directly and have the chance to do daily rural chores by giving spaces for leisure and enjoyment and being in contact with nature.

The aim of this review was to analyze and provide relevant scientific information about agritourism as an alternative for sustainable rural development. To this end, a systematic review was carried out and keywords like "agroturismo" in Spanish and "agrotourism", "agritourism" in English were researched and subsequently, at a first step a 55- article were assessed and which have been published from 1994 to 2020.

Findings demonstrate in most countries, there are local agrotourism business initiatives that aim to promote the sustainability of economic and environmental activities, and are seen as a strategy to mitigate rural-to-urban migration, develop economic sustainability, generate employment and local identity. A better understanding of this process, rural development, agriculture and tourism have become an alternative that combines two elements, thus contributing to the social and economic development of the area; it protects the environment and generates employment opportunities, highlighting local women.  

Biografía del autor/a

Cynthia Milagros Apaza-Panca, Universidad Nacional de Frontera,

Magíster Scientiae en Economía, Investigador Renacyt, Docente de la Facultad de Administración Hotelera y de Turismo de la Universidad Nacional de Frontera, Perú.

Johanna Elena Santa-Cruz Arévalo, Universidad Nacional de Frontera,

Magíster Scientiae en Educación, Docente de la Facultad de Administración Hotelera y de Turismo de la Universidad Nacional de Frontera, Perú.

Silverio Apaza-Apaza, Universidad Nacional del Altiplano,

Doctoris Scientiae en Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente, Docente Principal de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias de la Universidad Nacional del Altiplano, Perú.


Aikaterini, G., Ioannis, S., & Thanasis, K. (2001). Is Agrotourism Agro†or Tourism� Evidence from agrotourist holdings in Lesvos, Greece. Anatolia, 12(1), 6–22.

Akpinar, N., Talay, I., Ceylan, C., & Gí¼ndí¼z, S. (2004). Rural women and agrotourism in the context of sustainable rural develpment: a case study from Turkey. Kluwer Journal, 6, 473–486.

Anthopoulou, T. (2000). Agrotourism and the rural environment: Constraints and opportunities in the mediterranean less-favoured areas.

Barbieri, Carla & P. M., Mshenga. (2008). The Role of Firm and Owner Characteristics on the Performance of Agritourism Farms. Sociologia Ruralis. 48. 166 - 183. 10.1111/j.1467-9523.2008.00450.x.

Brandth, B., & Haugen, M. S. (2011). Farm diversi fi cation into tourism e Implications for social identity? Journal of Rural Studies, 27(1), 35–44.

BrÅ¡Äić, K., Franić, R., & Ružić, D. (2010). Why Agrotourism – Owner ’ S Opinion ZaÅ¡to Agroturizam – MiÅ¡ljenje Vlasnika. Central European Agriculture, 11(1), 31–42.

Busby, G., & Rendle, S. (2000). The transition from tourism on farms to farm tourism. Tourism Management, 21, 635–642.

Canovi, M. (2019). Resistance to agritourism diversification: An analysis of winery owners’ identities. Tourism Management Perspectives, 32(May), 100566.

Che, D., Veeck, A., & Veeck, G. (2005). Sustaining production and strengthening the agritourism product : Linkages among Michigan agritourism destinations. 22, 225–234.

Choo, H., & Petrick, J. F. (2014). Social interactions and intentions to revisit for agritourism service encounters. Tourism Management, 40, 372–381.

Ciolac, R., Adamov, T., Iancu, T., Popescu, G., Lile, R., Rujescu, C., & Marin, D. (2019). Agritourism-A Sustainable Development Factor for Improving the ‘ Health ’ of Rural Settlements. Case Study Apuseni Mountains Area. Sustainability, 11.

Clemens, R. (2004). Keeping Farmers on the Land: Agritourism in the European Union. Iowa Ag Review, 10(3), 8–9.

Dax, Thomas & Zhang, Dachang & Chen, Yanying. (2019). Agritourism Initiatives in the Context of Continuous Out-Migration: Comparative Perspectives for the Alps and Chinese Mountain Regions. Sustainability. 11. 4418. 10.3390/su11164418.

Embacher, H. (1994). Marketing for Agri †tourism in Austria : Strategy and realisation in a highly developed tourist destination. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 2, 37–41.

Eshun, G., & Tichaawa, T. M. (2020). EuroEconomica Developing Agro-Tourism Tours on the Cocoa Sector in Africa : Emerging Issues from Ghana EuroEconomica. 39(1).

Faganel, A. (2011). Developing Sustainable Agrotourism in Central and East European Countries. Academica Turistica - Tourism and Innovation Journal, 4(1), 55–62.

FAO. (2014). Agricultura asistencial : un enfoque innovador para promover el empoderamiento económico de las mujeres , el empleo rural digno y la inclusión social . ¿ Quí© funciona en los paí­ses en desarrollo ? Antecedentes y referencias (Issue 100).

Farmaki, A. (2012). An exploration of tourist motivation in rural settings: The case of Troodos, Cyprus. Tourism Management Perspectives, 2–3, 72–78.

Ferniza, H. (2017). Between the Potentials and Constraints in Tourism Development in West Sumatra. Urban and Regional Development, 13 (1), 55–66.

Flanigan, S., Blackstock, K., & Hunter, C. (2014). Agritourism from the perspective of providers and visitors: A typology-based study. Tourism Management, 40, 394–405.

Fleischer, A., & Tchetchik, A. (2005). Does rural tourism benefit from agriculture? Tourism Management, 26(4), 493–501.

Forsyth, T. J. (1995). Tourism and agricultural development in thailand. Annals of Tourism Research, 22(4), 877–900.

Galasso, A., Fratto, F., Selmi, U., & Buonocore, R. (2016). AGRITURISMO E MULTIFUNZIONALITí€ DELL’AZIENDA AGRICOLA Strumenti e tecniche per il management.

Garcia-ramon, M. D., Canoves, G., Valdovinos, N., & Barcelona, U. A. De. (1995). Garcia-Ramon_1995_Annals-of-Tourism-Research.pdf. 22, 267–282.

Gil Arroyo, C., Barbieri, C., & Rozier Rich, S. (2013). Defining agritourism: A comparative study of stakeholders’ perceptions in Missouri and North Carolina. Tourism Management, 37, 39–47.

Henderson, J. C. (2009). Agro-tourism in unlikely destinations: A study of Singapore. Managing Leisure, 14(4), 258–268.

Hjalager, A. M. (1996). Agricultural diversification into tourism: Evidence of a European Community development programme. Tourism Management, 17(2), 103–111.

Iakovidou, O. (1997). Agro-tourism in Greece: the case of women agro-tourism co-operatives of Ambelakia. Medit, 8(1), 44–47.

Iosim, I. (2013). The contribution of tourist promotion associations federation in promoting Romanian agro-tourism. Research Journal of Agricultural Science, 45(4).

Ismail, A., Nainggolan, M. F., & Turnip, A. (2020). Innovationto speed up the Developmentof Rose Picking Agro-Tourism in Gunung Sari. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 466, 012035.

Khanal, S., & Shrestha, M. (2019). Agro-tourism: Prospects, importance, destinations and challenges in Nepal. Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science, 4(4), 464–471.

Kharaishvili, E., Lazariashvili, T., & Natsvlishvili, I. (2019). Agro tourism for economic development of related sectors and sustainable well-being (Case of Georgia). 21–24.

Kim, B. (2010). Agri-tourism and its internationalization strategy. International Area Review, 13(2).

Kim, S., Lee, S. K., Lee, D., Jeong, J., & Moon, J. (2019). The effect of agritourism experience on consumers’ future food purchase patterns. Tourism Management, 70(January 2018), 144–152.

Kizos, T., & Iosifides, T. (2007). The contradictions of agrotourism development in Greece: Evidence from three case studies. South European Society and Politics, 12(1), 59–77.

Kourgialas, N. N., Karatzas, G. P., Dokou, Z., & Kokorogiannis, A. (2018). Groundwater footprint methodology as policy tool for balancing water needs (agriculture & tourism) in water scarce islands - The case of Crete, Greece. Science of the Total Environment, 615, 381–389.

Kubickova, M., & Campbell, J. M. (2020). The role of government in agro-tourism development: a top-down bottom-up approach. Current Issues in Tourism, 23(5), 587–604.

Kuo, nae-wen & Chiu, Yu-Ting. (2006). The assessment of agritourism policy based on SEA combination with HIA. Land Use Policy. 23. 560-570. 10.1016/j.landusepol.2005.08.001.

Liang, A. R. Da. (2017). Considering the role of agritourism co-creation from a service-dominant logic perspective. Tourism Management, 61, 354–367.

Little, M. E., & Blau, E. (2019). Social adaptation and climate mitigation through agrotourism: a case study of tourism in Mastatal, Costa Rica. Journal of Ecotourism, 0(0), 1–16.

Malkanthi, Pushpa & Routry, J. (2011). Potential for agritourism development: Evedance from Sri Lanka. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 6. 10.4038/jas.v6i1.3812.

Marin, D. (2015). Study on the economic impact of tourism and of agrotourism on local communities. 47(4), 160–163.

Martí­nez Roldán, N., & Goytia Goyenechea, L. (2020, January 1). Agrotourism in the lower course of the guadalquivir (Seville). Journal of Tourism and Heritage Research, 3(1), 136-151. Retrieved from

McGehee, N. G., Kim, K., & Jennings, G. R. (2007). Gender and motivation for agri-tourism entrepreneurship. Tourism Management, 28(1), 280–289.

Parra, E., & Calero, F. (2006). Agrotourism , sustainable tourism and Ultraperipheral areas : The Case of Canary Islands. PASOS. Revista de Turismo y Patrimonio Cultural, 4, 85–97.

Ploeg, J. D., & Renting, H. (2004). Behind the Reduxâ€: A Rejoinder to David Goodman. Sociologia Ruralis, 44(2), 234–242.

Pulina, M., Giovanna Dettori, D., & Paba, A. (2006). Life cycle of agrotouristic firms in Sardinia. Tourism Management, 27(5), 1006–1016.

Rachmawati, D., & Haryati, Y. T. (2019). Strategy Development of Stroberial Fruit Agrotourism on Serang Village Farmers Income , Purbalingga District. 8(37), 57–66.

Rhiney, K., Walker, T., & Tomlinson, J. (2015). Strengthening Agritourism Potential in the Caribbean. Research Gate, October.

Sasu, K., & Epuran, G. (2016). An overview of the new trends in rural tourism. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov. Economic Sciences. Series V, 9(2), 119.

Sathe, S., & Randhave, M. (2019). Agro-Tourism : A Sustainable Tourism Development In Maharashtra - A Case Study of Village Inn Agro Tourism (Wardha ) . GE-International Journal of Management Research 7(6), 45–58.

Sonnino, R. (2004). For a ‘ Piece of Bread ’? Interpreting Sustainable Development through Agritourism in Southern Tuscany. Sociologia Ruralis, 44(3).

Streifeneder, T. (2016). Agriculture first: Assessing European policies and scientific typologies to define authentic agritourism and differentiate it from countryside tourism. Tourism Management Perspectives, 20, 251–264.

Tew, C., & Barbieri, C. (2012). The perceived benefits of agritourism: The provider’s perspective. Tourism Management, 33(1), 215–224.

Torres, R. (2003). Linkages between tourism and agriculture in Mexico. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(3), 546–566.

Yang, Z., Cai, J., & Sliuzas, R. (2010). Agro-tourism enterprises as a form of multi-functional urban agriculture for peri-urban development in China. Habitat International, 34(4), 374–385.

Yuan, P., Liu, Y., Ju, F., & Li, X. (2017). A Study on Farmers’ Agriculture related Tourism Entrepreneurship Behavior. Procedia Computer Science, 122, 743–750.



Cómo citar

Apaza-Panca, C. M., Santa-Cruz Arévalo, J. E., & Apaza-Apaza, S. (2020). Agritourism: Alternative for sustainable rural development. Dominio De Las Ciencias, 6(5), 207–227.



Artí­culos Cientí­ficos