Evaluación de Efluentes Industriales de Harina y Aceite de pescado para la producción de Biogás y metano en pruebas batch

Yoel Modesto Vargas Huaman, Paul Jhoedan Quispe Choquehuanca, Rose Adeline Callata Chura, Glen Bryan Madrigal Perez

Resumen


La industria de harina y aceite de pescado genera una gran cantidad de residuos con elevado contenido de materia orgánica el cual puede ser tratado mediante la digestión anaerobia (DA). En este estudio, se evaluó la producción de biogás/metano de dos residuos provenientes de la industria de harina y aceite de pescado, vía pruebas de Potencial Bioquímico de Metano. Los resultados muestran que los residuos provenientes de Chimbote (EPI1) y Chancay (EPI2) presentan una producción de biogás de 1.009 m3/kg SV-adicionado y 0.738 m3/kg SV-adicionado respectivamente. Además, la producción de metano en EPI1 es de 0.62 m3-CH4/kg SV-adicionado y en EPI2 de 0.47 m3-CH4/kg SV-adicionado. El proceso de DA en ambos residuos se realizó de manera estable, ya que los valores de pH y AGV/AT se mantuvieron dentro de los valores recomendados. Por ello, la presente investigación demuestra que los residuos de la industria de harina y aceite de pescado pueden ser usados eficientemente para la producción de biogás con un elevado contenido de metano.

Palabras clave


Materia orgánica; biogás; metano; industria; harina; aceite; pescado

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23857/dc.v7i6.2320

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Copyright (c) 2021 Yoel Modesto Vargas Huaman, Paul Jhoedan Quispe Choquehuanca, Rose Adeline Callata Chura, Glen Bryan Madrigal Perez

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